CALIPH OF ISLAM IN DELHI
PRAYERS AT JAMIA MASJID AJMERE
A story of a forgotten incident
The contact between Sultan Iltutmish and the Caliph of Islam was in 1226-1229 AD. Awfi and Juzjani as well as others have written about same. The grandest reception possible was given to Al Mustansar Billa who was Caliph of that time. Besides the unforgettable welcome given to the Caliph, the emphasis on the JAMIA MASJID AJMERE, called the ‘Dhai Din ka Jhnopara’. This grandest of mosques was constructed by Sultan Iltutmish in two and a half days, a feat considered impossible with the size and magnitude of the mosque. But those people did it and it is called the same to this day. But the most amazing part is that a SEVENTH ARCHED FRONT was made in honor of the Caliph of Islam Al-Mustansar Billa, and THE SAID CALIPH IS REPUTED TO HAVE SAID HIS PRAYERS IN THE MOSQUE IN 1229 AD. IT WAS A BLESSINGS ETERNAL FOR INDO-PAKISTANI REGION as the world leader of Islam was in this region and hosted by the Sultan, and set the state for the amalgamation of Muslim efforts all over the world. It seemed the UMMA was getting together at that time.
The forgotten incident is recorded here and there and comes in some modern texts too.
A CALIPH OF ISLAM IN DELHI?
AL-MUSTANSAR, MAUTASIM AND SULTAN ILTUTMISH
Sultan Iltutmish became one of the most strong rulers of Muslim India. A son in law of Qutub-ud-din Aibeg (Flaming Star of Lahore). the rule of Iltutmish was phenomenal. And all sought the patronage of the Caliphs of Islam. Different versions are given by different writers, here particularly Minhaj al-Juzjani and Awfi. This is related to 1226, 1227 and 1228 AD. Here Mautasim is touted as the Caliph of Islam but we are told that Mautasim became Caliph in 1242 and his rule ended in 1258. The Caliph at that time was Al-Mustansar, the father of Maustasim.
Awfi tells us:
“One of the manifestations of the grandeur and elegance of Sultan Shams-ud-din Abul Muzaffar Iltutmish, is that costly gifts were sent to the exalted court of the Caliph in Baghdad. NONE OF THE PRECEDING KINGS HAD EVER DISPATCHED SO MANY AND COSTLY GIFTS TO THE CALIPH (AS HE DID). IN RETURN THE CALIPH SENT A STANDARD, RING, VEST, A SPECIAL TURBAN, SADDLED CAMELS, ARABIAN HORSES, AND ROBES OF HONOR FOR THE SULTAN, THE PRINCES, AND THE DIGNITARIES OF THE COURT. ALL THIS MAY BE CONSIDERED A PROUD PRIVILEGE.”
Historians tell us the importance of the arrival of the Caliph of Baghdad himself in Delhi. Magnificent arrangements were made, as a guard of honor was given to the visitors by the Army of Iltutmish. Royal arrangements were plenty, including the making of a special painting of Sultan Iltutmish in the main hall of the reception of the palace, based on the Chinese tradition of painting. Delhi rocked with honor and pleasure in receiving the Caliph of Islam. Various details are given at various places.
The Sultans of Delhi sought patronage of the Caliphs of Islam and volunteered obeisance to them all the time. Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi had received a title from the Caliph of Islam. But the might of the Caliphs were on the verge of decline. In 1258 AD, Halaku Khan wiped out Caliph Maustasim, as well as Baghdad from the face of the Earth. Earlier he had dealt this deadly blow to the might of the Ismaelis, by erasing the old man on the mountain and his assassins too. When change comes to passive people, the change is thorough and complete.
This remains one of the most interesting note in the region of Indo-Pakistan. There are other stories too, but in its entire depth, this story remains phenomenal to this day. And it deserves more research.
2012 END OF THE WORLD
2015 END OF PAKISTAN
HA! HA! HA!
Doomsday stories are in the psyche of man. Ever since the world knew cognition, there were these old embittered disgruntled persons, whose mouth could utter literally bullshit. One comes across Maulvis in our culture who are always talking about the unbearable hazards of the first night in the grave. ‘QABAR KA AZAB’. It seems they already died and came back to report to us. Surely they must know what they are destined to face in the grave. In old chronicles we hear of these soothsayers predicting the end of the world. We are told that looneys like these roamed even in the Old West in the United States from town to town spreading unnecessary filth about tomorrow. Every culture it seems have men like these. And then there are those who tells us direct from mythology what the god Hades is going to do to us in the other world.
Some stories even have morals. In our culture we are told of an old woman who lived next to the house of a prostitute. She would throw a stone in a clay vessel for every visitor to the house of the lady, and kept a count of wrong doings of others. And when she died, she found that the prostitute had been forgiven by Allah, but not she herself. Her mistake relishing the wrong of others. Allah does not like this kind of holy attitude. But all this is fancy, imagination gone wild.
The Quran forbids speculation about the doomsday scenarios. We are told that no one knows the future. Everything works under certain Law. A Law of Physics tell us that to every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. In the same way is Allah’s Law of Mukufat. A good deed is rewarded with good consequences, a bad deed is punished with bad consequences. And Allah proclaims that if you do not have faith in this LAW, then you miss being a Muslim all together. And Allah defines TAQDEER for us. If you place the seeds of a mango tree in a ground, you can expect a Mango tree. Nothing else. That is Taqdeer. There is no destiny. What (many things alien to Islam) the Maulvis so wrongly preach (and that is a lot of things) is yes, bullshit. A load of crap aired on the media all the time. The Iqballian concept is your destiny is the way you tackle life itself. The result of your efforts. You are your destiny.
The world did not end in 2012, although we were bombarded with so much on every kind of media. Pakistan is not going to end in 2015. We do not know the future. But we know Allah’s assertion. That Allah will never destroy a nation, as long as there is even one person trying to save it. I am here always! And yes, I am not the only one. There are many many others. When Krishna Menon was India’ambassador to Pakistan (now foreign secretary), I told him that the flame of Quaid’s Pakiastan is still burning, and will never be extinguished. India has pumped millions to the Baloch feudal lords, but although Balochs are probably just 4% of the population, a good many of them know the machinations of foreign powers. They know that once the job is done, the traditional saying is heard. “JO APNI KOM KA NA BANA, WO HAMARI KOM KA KESAY BANAY GA”. ‘A person who is not loyal to his nation, will never be loyal to ours’. The British understood this well. The Indians have to learn it by now. If you dig grave of others, your own grave may have already been dug. PAKISTAN FOREVER!
AMERICA, KUFI STONES AND ISHRAT HUSSAIN ZUBERI
A survey of Red Indian tents
Ishrat Hussain Zuberi was a Pakistani intellectual of his times. Well read and cultured, he was a man of many facets. I recently came across a book written by him on English literature, and was impressed by his command of an alien subject. He was a visitor to the Chughtai Artist Home too, and did a lot of things, which had Chughtai Art in it. A long time back I read an article by him in the newspaper ‘Dawn’ but had misplaced it with time, and was glad, that on my request, Hameed Haroon was kind enough to provide me a copy of it. The subject was sensational for me, as it referred to Stone Inscriptions he found in the a museum in United States, which were in the Kufic script. We all know that Kufic script was relevant to Islamic civilization in the times of the Prophet (PBUH) himself as well as the Caliphs of Islam.
Zuberi Sahib was travelling in the United States, when the Curator of a museum referred to inscription on stones found in Red Indian tents and dwellings. The script was not deciphered by the museum authorities and Zuberi Sahib was asked to comment on them. These antique stones, at least 1200 years old or so, had strange writings on them. Zuberi Sahib found the script to be KUFIC and belonging to Islamic Civilization of the Arab region. The writings referred to MUHAMMED (PBUH) and ALLAH. It literally swept the imagination of Zuberi Sahib and all those who read his article.
The knowledge is more common now. Professor Barry Fell of Harvard University did research on the same subject. Prof Fell had discovered Kufic inscriptions on the walls of mountains in Colorado, New Mexico and Indiana. He found documents, writings, drawings and relics establishing the presence of Islam in America in the 650s. He found that the Red Indian tribes like Iroquois, Algonquin, Anasazi, Hohokan and Olmecs were probably descendant from these Arab ancestors. The Olmecs themselves are subjects of international studies for their unique ethnic background, different from other American groups. Prof Fell even discovered a rock in Nevada, which had the writing in Kufic ‘In the name of God’, written on it. A Mayan rock with the inscription ‘Yassu son of Maryiam’ was also found. Remains of schools, mosques have been found with time and are discussed in various forums.
The resentment to this knowledge is also very much there and many Americans tend to ridicule all such research, but instead of combating it with literal explanations, prejudice remains, and outright statements are made. But there is more proof of another nature.
Abul Hassan Al-Masudi made a trip in a ship from Muslim Spain in 889 and wrote about it in 956. He describes an unknown land, which he had visited with others, and the description fits the description of America to the ultimate degree. And then there is the famous Piri Reis map drawn in 1513 from various sources. It seems that the knowledge of Columbus Christopher was based on maps belonging to Islamic sources. The Piri Reis map is a slap on the face of those who rejected the initial evidence. So who discovered Christopher Columbus? Certainly not him and his rogue Spaniards, who could only bring mayhem to America, including slaughter of innocent people as well as diseases like syphilis to a virgin land. So believe it or not, America is indebted to Islam in more ways than one.
THE BOREDOM OF GOD CREATED HUMANITY
The Big Bang was more like a Whisper
God was always there, and will always be there. Many civilizations believe in re-occurring scenes of life. The world ends and then is created again. And others believe in evolving life, janam after janam, as a never ending solution to existence. In the stillness of things, a sign was heard, which scientists call the Big Bang, the Egyptians call the wakening up of the Sphinx of Giza. The first NOOR, the first light. In a lighter vein, we can say that God got bored with an easy existence, and created the MAN, not only as an ANGEL, but to add spice to life, the DEVIL too. And God pitted Good versus Evil, and engendered the Adventures of life. Man added colour to life itself.
A sentence we hear, again and again, is that ‘God created man in his own image’. In the Quranic reference we hear of Man being ‘Ashraf-ul-maklooqat’. But we hear the NINETY NINE NAMES OF ALLAH as being merely 99 behavioral attributes of the Al-Mighty. And one outstanding attribute is of Allah being a ‘Mussaver’, an artist, a designer of infinite dimensions. And we are left breathless as we observe the artistic talents of the Al-Mighty. The world, the universe, everything is so beautiful, it sends shivers through us, as we praise the One and Only God who created so much beauty.
The Artist in God elicits praise in us, as we sing ‘Hamd’ to His creations. The study of God can never be complete without our study of these 99 attributes. And of course there are infinite other attributes which God has hidden from us. If other civilizations study these ASMA HUSNA, they will learn so much about us! God bless Planet Earth!
MORAL DRAIN LEADS TO BRAIN DRAIN
The story of migrations and coming home
The history of migrations is attached to history of civilization itself. When there was no grass in ones pasture, one would move to another pasture with more grass. But never was it like that condition where you did not utilize your own pasture for illusion of better another. Aesop fables add a fable of the Grass being greener in another pasture. Of course economic needs are essential in a society which does not give credence to the loss of moral values in the process. Before Moses brought the TEN COMMANDMENTS everything was possibly fair in love and war. But God set limits to humankind. God made some values permanent and others subject to change with consensus. So the melting pot concept looks very romantic, but there is certainly the involvement of drain of moral values. Losing ones identity in the flood of culture of materialism.
No two areas of the world are alike. Extreme heat at one place, extreme cold at another. One kind of mineral at one place, other kind of minerals elsewhere. God’s intention was to weave inter-dependence so that MAN could mix with each other and live in peace by sharing the bounties of life. But the rich and powerful captured the sources of wealth and not even a trickle down occurred for others. Instead of the touted clash of civilizations, it was an inherent clash of the human psyche itself.
Our best brains were exported outside. True or not! But not before their moral tampering. They could provide succor to others, but their need was more back at home. Waiting for things to get better, they never realized that they had to come back to make things better. Nothing improves on its own, except recklessness. If all the Pakistanis in the world come back and bring their hard earned wealth back home, will there be no change here? Phenomenal changes will occur. Pakistan will be a power to be reckoned again.
I hold a blade of grass. I plant plants in my country. I like to improve my lot of mankind. I like to contribute to nation building. I am obsessed with making right out of wrong. But I am not the first drop of rain. There are many others. Imagine if we could add more, what would be the result? Coming home is the answer to tomorrow.
CROSSING A ROAD IN STRAIGHT LINE
MAKING CHOICES IN LIFE!
The proportionate way results in miracles
Living in Lahore, the first thing we face from morning till night is traffic. It always seem that the world has gone crazy. I have driven a car in this city all my life. And every year I see the ruin of traffic. The policemen who were there for traffic were replaced by fancy traffic wardens. Not one of them are bothered about the plight of people, except to pave smooth way for their Masters, skulking in and around Lahore every day. The Khadim Aala square is best managed, but only for the Khadim Aala, no body else. The cars are driven by paindos (villagers), who have come into the city, after driving cycles in their villages, or donkey carts for that matter. The car can zig zag like a rabbit in any direction, even the opposite one. No one stops at the red light, no one goes at the green light. They are all in some thinking melee of the times. The motor cycles are driven as my uncle used to say, ‘Sitting on one coming out of their mother’s womb and going back sitting on a cycle’. Not a second to get down. A truly lawless reckless way of moving about. And the cycle rickshaws and the rickshaws, and the vans, and even the buses. All hell broken loose!
But what bout the person walking on the road. If not jaywalking, he too is strolling on the roads like a park. Afraid to move forward, afraid to move backward, cartoon like antics. Accidents occur all the time, most of the time.
We are all Muslims and we have read the Quran. Even translations. Every city has a gateway. The Quran itself has a gateway. It is a ‘Surat’ and it is called Sura Fateh. It explains the whole Quran in a crux of literally few lines. Dr Syed Abdul Wadood has given us the most modern translation, explanation of same in some words. The Quran tells us to chose the PROPORTONATE WAY in life. To evolve towards a position that Allah intended for us. Let us then read the Sura Fateh to understand all this:
PONDERING OVER THE BEAUTY, PROPORTION AND PERFECTION OF THE LIVING AND THE NON-LIVING OBJECTS OF NATURE, EXCITES IN MAN A VOLUNTARY PRAISE OF THE ONE WHO SUSTAINS EVERY COMPONENT OF THE UNIVERSE , FROM ITS INITIAL STAGE TO THE STAGE OF ITS FINAL DESTINATION; BY PROCESSES OF SLOW, GRADUAL AND ASCENDING EVOLUTION, INTERRUPTED OFF AND ON BY SPONTANEOUS REVOLUTIONS.
THE SUSTENANCE OF HUMAN BODY IS A GIFT FROM ALLAH, BUT THE NOURISHMENT AND DEVELOPMENT OF HIS PERSONALITY IS SUBJECT TO THE DEEDS HE PERFORMS, THE RESULTS OF WHICH ARE UNDER COMPLETE CONTROL OF ALLAH’S LAW OF REQUITAL, IN THIS WORLD AND THE HEREAFTER.
(OUR RABB!) WE BOW DOWN TO YOUR LAWS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF OUR POTENTIALITIES, BY USING OUR CAPABILITIES FOR THE BENEFIT OF HUMANITY, AND WE SEEK YOUR HELP IN SHAPING OUR LIVES WITHIN YOUR PRESCRIBED PATTERN.
GUIDE US TO THE STRAIGHT PATH WHICH LEADS TO OUR DESTINATION IN THE HEREAFTER.
THAT IS, THE PATH OF THOSE PAST NATIONS WHO STRIVED IN CONSONANCE WITH YOUR LAWS AND WON YOUR FAVOURS, ON WHOM YOU BESTOWED POWER ON THE EARTH WITH ALL ITS POMP AND GLORY, WHOM YOU RELIEVED FROM THE BONDS OF TYRANNICAL RULES, WHOM YOU GAVE SUPERIORITY OVER CONTEMPORARY NATIONS OF THE WORLD, AND WHOSE NECESSITIES OF LIFE YOU FULFILLED, PROVIDING THEM A PROSPEROUS LIFE OF PEACE AND PLENTY.
THEY WERE NOT THE PEOPLE WHO HAD DISOBEYED YOUR LAWS AND CONSEQUENTLY CAME INTO THE GRIP OF YOUR LAW OF REQUITAL WHICH GAVE THEM SLAVERY, MISERY, HUNGER, HUMILIATION AND DESTRUCTION.
NOR WERE THEY THE PEOPLE, WHO WERE LED ASTRAY BY FOLLOWING THEIR OWN BASER SENTIMENTS OR BY FOLLOWING OTHER SELF-INTERESTED AND WRONGFUL PEOPLE, LIKE THEIR CHIEFS AND ANCESTORS, AND THUS FELL INTO HARDSHIP AND MISERY.
This is the crux of the Quran. We read it every day and we hardly understand it. And those outside our culture to whom Quran is an enigma, read this and you know the meaning of the Quran. So when you are crossing the roads, remember the Quran and walk a proportionate way. Make it an habit, and see what happens. The miracle by which Nations are made!
A GOLD DINAR ON THE STREETS OF BAGHDAD
Story of honest days
The creation of life itself centers between two extremes. We have positive charge as well as negative charge of electricity. Magnetism. Everything. Mountains or valleys. Single atom or infinity. Extremes make life. In this context Allah also created Good and Evil. The Quran stresses the best way of life as moving forward is based on Truth and Honesty.
A tale has been told from generations and I heard it from my father, as he heard it from his own. The story of the times of Caliph Haroon ur Rasheed, when Baghdad was the richest capital of the world. Everything flowed through Baghdad, the capital of the world. And where the Court of the Caliph, shined in affluence of every kind, the honesty prevailing in his reign was outstanding too. We are told that Caliph Haroon ur Rasheed used to disguise himself as a common man and used to roam the streets of Baghdad to notice first hand the rights and wrongs going on in the society. The principles were rigid indeed. The testing of men’s character paramount to the character of the city.
Trade flew through Baghdad through caravans and merchants from all over the world passed through the city. Buying things, selling things. A merchant had come from far away and found that there was a gold dinar lying on the paved street. He noticed it but did nothing about it. Time passed. The merchant came again to Baghdad the next year and saw the Gold Dinar there where he had seen it before. It did not vex him then but after repeat of a few years, he could not take the anxiety any more. He asked the nearby shopkeepers as to why the Dinar was lying there after few years, where it was originally seen by him.
The shopkeepers answer was straight forward. ‘WE ARE STILL HOPEFUL THAT THE OWNER WHO LOST IT, MAY COME LOOKING FOR IT AND WILL FIND IT WHERE HE DROPPED IT.” This unimaginable honesty seen in Baghdad engendered the character of the Muslims of that time.
Even today we hear of incidents of Pakistanis both at home and abroad, returning money which is not theirs and not even asking for a reward. It is these stories told at bedtimes that engender the character of the nation. Now our bedtime stories are not stories from the Quran or Aesops Fables or even more awe inspiring tales of yesterday. We sleep on the antics of Looney Tunes, Tom and Jerry, Daffy Duck, Mickey Mouse, or even more modern personalities like Courage the dog, or the Despicables. Even more and more horrid characters are being made and the Vampires are the scene of the day. Even the concept of ‘Gay’ characters has been introduced in cartoons as normal. These cartoon characters may be fun but never inspire character building. Merely fun. Okay but the stories in the lap of grandmas built our personalities. I remember tales of Solomon and his remarkable judgement which sent ripples through me. Or Moses whose faith was tested by the Pharaoh between the fire and gold coins. And even mundane stories like the boy who used to shout ‘lion, lion’ in jest, till an actual lion came and ate him up. Yes, those stories built us as we are today. We need to do something about tomorrow too. It is our duty to create story books, stories, to build character of our nation. And we need imaginative Muslim investors to invest in children for a better future not only of Islam but of humankind and Planet Earth itself.
AMERICAN SHUTDOWN AND FAILING DEMOCRACIES
A WORLD OPINION
A poll speaks of only 5% support of the American people of the American congress. Amazing. We are flabbergasted, but we knew it all along. Our National Assembly has probably the support of about 5000 people only, that is the Members and their direct families. The rest are paid employees. The rest of the Nation is cursing them day and night. And they have a deaf ear to all the issues of the people. But we are not in a shutdown. Our business is business as usual. Politicians making money out of the blood and tears of the people. A republican accused King Obama of being a socialist, as that socialism was something of a curse in life. Equality and its value has sunk into the caste system of Hinduism. Born Shudras will remain Shudras and it seems most Americans and Pakistanis are Shudras after all. Neo-cons are the Master Pharaohs of the world, both there and here.
The first time I landed in Washington DC I was amazed at the number of beggars in the city and I tried to photograph some of them and they ran away. And the biggest craze of dish washers was replaced now by a stream of other nations driving taxis in the capital of the world. A Pakistani friend, Manager of American Express, with full facilities, sold his house, everything and migrated to the United States. We found him driving an ambulance, a little above the rung of the ladder. In a few years the hectic life caught up with him and he died a lonely death far from home. The American dream as illusive as ever.
Riches for some, poverty for others. The division does not go away. King Obama is shown in a photograph with his feet on his desk. When will a small child tell the King that he is wearing no clothes. When will the exploitation of the world end? Will it ever end! We are all waiting for Knight in Shining Armour. There are no knights in shining armour. We are ourselves the knights, if we chose to be one.
Americans are such friendly and loving people. Their politicians are doing bad to them, but movements like ‘Occupy Wall street’ show that Americans have realized that if they want to remain the blessed of the world, they have to also revert back to their original values, and ask for implementation of their most beautiful constitution in full spirit.
The developments no longer shock us. We are getting used to depravity all around us. The media is hypnotizing us and we wonder why? Many decades back we found out about SUBLIMINAL CUTS, and we were told that they were banned later. In a movie, a still slice was used to deliver the message direct to the brain. The watcher did not even know how he was programmed. Probably today instead of a mere cut, we are reacting to subliminal sounds, pictures, conditioning us in the Orwell world of the big brother gone berserk. We were already short of using our MIND POWER, now it seems the little we could use,m is being taken away from us.
The Holy Quran tells us again and again THINK AND PONDER. The Mullah keeps preaching rituals to us and has lost his relation with the actual principle of Allah. Once upon a time the Maulvi of the near mosque lived a free life, pathetic in its economic sense. The neighbourhood was there to provide a meal to him, otherwise he would go hungry and just sip a glass of water from a nearby ‘ghara’ or ‘surahi’. Now their standard of life has really changed. Moving in cruisers with many armed guards around therm, they dine at the finest places, travel abroad all the time. And charges for funerals, weddings have multiplied too. And foreign lobbies are willing to finance them anytime for creating anarchy in the society.
We keep on asking again and again ‘God help us!’ But God has told us the way towards salvation, and all Judeo-Christian-Muslim traditions talk of the same things. Of course we stopped listening a long time back. So why expect God to save us?
THE SPHINX OF LAHORE
Mysteries of Lahore deepen day by day
The prejudice against Lahore, somehow or the other, is ages deep. Why? Of course for many reasons which have changed with time. But the last few centuries saw a neglect of Lahore, which became more and more acute. The abundance of knowledge of Lahore was always there but vested interests tried to suppress it all the time. The attitude towards Lahore was different in Sikh times, different in British times, and different in Pakistani period. Hindu lobbies were allergic to give to Lahore the place of the cultured city of the region. The culture of Lahore was phenomenal and swept all Indo-Pakistani region. Our reference to Lahore again and again, was first started by M.A. Rahman Chughtai, the Muslim Master of Modern Civilization. His brother Dr Abdullah Chaghatai took the position of promoting Lahore in his own way. We here at Chughtai Museum projected our own interest in talking of Lahore as Lahoris can do.
Anna Suvorova writes that ‘Laur Laaur ay’ or ‘Lahore is Lahore’, and recounts the legend of the traveler who went for his Haj to Mecca.
This in the words of Carl Ernst goes like this:
“AS THE STORY GOES, AN INHABITANT OF LAHORE WENT TO MECCA ON PILGRIMAGE, AND ACCOMPLISHED THE USUAL RITUALS WITH GREAT SATISFACTION AND DELIGHT. ON COMPLETING THE PILGRIMAGE, HE ADDRESSED THE AL-MIGHTY IN PRAYER, SAYING “GOD! YOUR CITY IS INDEED WONDERFUL AND I AM VERY HAPPY TO HAVE VISITED BUT, IN THE END, LAHORE IS LAHORE’. THIS FRANK AND PERHAPS A SELF-SATISFIED COMMENT, OSTENSIBLY DELIVERED BY AN UNSOPHISTICATED PUNJABI, STATES AN HONEST TRUTH: LAHORE IS THE REAL CENTER OF THE CULTURAL UNIVERSE FOR ITS DEVOTEES.”
This is obviously that Lahorites did not confuse culture with religion. But knew that Islam generated a culture for them.
M.A. Rahman Chughtai, whenever he did sign his paintings, always signed as ‘Abdur Rahman Chughtai Lahore’. There was a need to collect documentation of Lahore and we started a program of archives on Lahore. In the years the collection has mounted and mounted, and except for the restraint of financing, we have not stopped this process ever. Hundreds of manuscripts written in Lahore or written by Lahori writers, paintings of Lahore, artifacts of Lahore, and whatever we could find, here and there. An unknown tapped source was the artifacts which had come from the earth of Lahore itself. Neglected by our people in command, lying here and there, we collected them, not that there was a dearth in our own collection. When we look at this material, one thing is certain, people hardly know about Lahore.
The fascination of modern writers to dump Lahore in the lap of RAMA AND HIS TWO SONS LOH AND KASU IS A FARCE CREATED BY A HINDU WRITER SUBHAN RAI BATALAVI AROUND 1692 AD, AND PROMOTED OUT OF DEPTH BY WRITERS TO THIS DAY. Obsessed to prove that Lahore is a Hindu city, when there is not even one evidence of Lahore as a Hindu city, dating more than 200 years. No temples, no palaces, nothing. Obviously the remains of Lahore prove its Ghaznavid ancestry, although even that is doubted by some crazy writers, like Mir Syed Bokhari.It is our contention that Lahore was founded by the GIANTS OF PALESTINE or the NAU-GUZZAS of the region. A research study on LANGA THE NAU-GUZZA OF LAHORE (Founder of Lahore has been published and can be got from us by writing to us. There is good evidence that this Nau-guzza fled Syria, Palestine area, after David had exterminated Goliath. These giants brought the JEWISH culture to the area and established a market here as a poultry farm and they called it MANDKUKAR or the Market for Chicken. It may be remembered that the term ‘KUKAR’ is not a term for the ethnic KHOKHARS but a term for poultry itself. The Nau-guzza selected the area as it was on the river side and there was a small hill to the same and a jungle to hunt for themselves. Worshiped as gods in the area for their height and strength, and deft practices, they established Lahore as Lahore. Artifacts are being discovered which link Lahore to the Jewish culture and we are writing about it. These same Giants who embraced JUDAISM , then embraced ISLAM, AND THERE WAS A CONTINUITY OF CULTURE HERE. The caves of CHILAS itself prove the entry of these people to the region with its own carvings. And there is so much to research on this aspect of Lahore.
The latest discovery is a SPHINX OF LAHORE. We know that Sphinx is there in Egyptian culture all the time as the greatest sphinx of history is still there to delight the world in its astronomical mysteries. But the Sphinx was also a symbol of Islamic Culture. And we have a wonderful study of these Islamic Sphinxes in the book published by Ebba Koch on the subject.
Suffice that we present the FIRST IMAGERY of the SPHINX OF LAHORE. Enjoy it! That is all we ask of you.