THE REMARKABLE SULTANATE HAND GRENADES OF LAHORE – A FISH SHAPED AESTHETIC BEAUTY OF AN ATISH-HUQA (BOMB)

THE REMARKABLE SULTANATE HAND GRENADES OF LAHORE
A FISH SHAPED AESTHETIC BEAUTY OF AN ATISH-HUQA (BOMB)
A NORMAL ATISH HUQA

Many things are associated with Lahore, and it is normally forgotten that Lahore has seen war on many fronts. Battles have been waged in Lahore and won as well as lost. There were times when Lahore was in ruins and there were times when it was a city of splendour. The normal information about the Sultanate period is lacking. But now and then fresh information comes to light. Atish hukas are a study in themselves.

FISH SHAPED ATISH HUKA

We know that battles were waged with bows and arrows, swords, maces, spears and what not? But to open doors of a fort or to tackle enemies outside the fort, hand grenades were used. These were made of heavy black clay (thick walls) and small fish like monograms as well as stars were on  the normal ones. Other symbols are on them which have no meaning for us. Plenty are still found in the depths of Lahore. Some intact, some bursted with use. Gun powder was used to fill these up and an oiled cloth wick (chord) to ignite them. Held in hand the wick was lighted, with proper timing, and then thrown with hands down the walls of the Fort or the gates of the Fort itself. Some blasted, some remained unblasted. Metal containers (as well as heavy earthen ware) of gun powder were also there and some have been recovered in the past.

Front view Atish huka

However this singular fish shaped Atish-huqa is something all its own. It is a splendour of design and use. It easily fits in the hand and the embossed portions are such that it does not slip the hand in the act of throwing it at the enemy. Just looking at it gives you the thrills of the artists who ventured to design such a thing.

P.S.
For many foreign scholars, the discovery of these things, found in Ghazni as well as other areas of Afghanistan spelled Perfume bottles to those who knew not their use. It was our own great scholar, who showed us the lime light of Atish-hukas and their use in life.
Dr Syed Zafar Haider:
Huqqah-i-Atish
Huqqah in Arabic means a box and Atish is Persian for fire. A box of fire with a chord in it. Page 258 Islamic Arms and Armour. Bahadur Publishers, 1991.
Side view Atish huka

LEADERS OF IRAN TURKEY PAKISTAN FEBRUARY 1960 IN LAHORE – SHAHENSHAH OF IRAN, CELAL BAYER AND PRESIDENT AYUB KHAN

LEADERS OF IRAN TURKEY PAKISTAN FEBRUARY 1960 IN LAHORE
SHAHENSHAH OF IRAN, CELAL BAYER AND PRESIDENT AYUB KHAN
Leaders march together

Dissatisfaction with CENTO made leaders of Iran, Turkey and Pakistan get together in Karachi and Lahore. Sharing some rare pictures and we can see some rare pictures of some leaders here. Strange that shortly afterwards Governor Akhtar Hussain was let out as well as Celal Bayer in Turkey, who was overthrown by the Military there. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as well as Mrs Bhutto can be seen. B.A. Qureshi is there too as Chief Secretary West Pakistan. Queen Farah Diba is visible too.

 

Shahenshah Iran and President Ayub Khan
Horse and Cattle show 1960
President Ayub gives a ride

RCD was formed in 1964 but the concept was sabotaged later. It was an outstanding idea but did not suit some lobbies at all. In fact President Ayub Khan ids responsible for abundant of good in Pakistan.

Leaders at Governor House
RCD Stamps including Chughtai Art

GHAZNAVID SECRET SERVICE DIWAN-BARID OF LAHORE – REPORT OF HISTORIAN TAJ-UD-DIN HASSAN NIZAMI

GHAZNAVID SECRET SERVICE DIWAN-BARID OF LAHORE
REPORT OF HISTORIAN TAJ-UD-DIN HASSAN NIZAMI

Modern rendering Qutub ud din Aibak

In the spurt of the Ghaznavid conquests in this region, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi realized the importance of an agency trying to collect information for consolidation of his rule. A secret network was formed and the informers to the Sultan included many Hindu Rajas. Hindus spying on Hindus as well as spying on the representatives of the Sultan, so that the Sultan may receive adequate information for all actions. This was the first Muslim Secret Service of the region. We do not have adequate knowledge of the network but many of the Sultan’s conquests were a result of timely information of gathering events.

Qutubuddin Aibak grave 1912

When Sultan Muhammed Ghauri was assassinated by the Ismaeli assassins on the bank of the river, near the village of Damyak, on 15th March 1206 AD, it was a failure of intelligence. The Fidai Mulahidah were ruthless in their work and had made everyone realize the importance of espionage. They had chosen to secretly swim in the river and attack the Sultan while he was asleep in his tent. A number of other prominent leaders through out the Indian region were caught and murdered in cold blood. The new Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibeg knew all this well. A very methodical secret service was set by him in Lahore, as he ruled most of his life from Lahore itself. Even when in Delhi, he would come to Lahore for weekends. Although famous that he died naturally when playing polo in Lahore, Taj-ud-din Hassan Nizami paints a different picture. It was known before hand that he was to be assassinated and the saddle maker in the mohalla cursed him on way, and predicted his end that day. It is reputed that a bur was placed under the saddle of his horse so that the horse would panic and throw him down. Lack of intelligence resulted in his death.

Sultan Qutbuddin Aibeg 1236 Lahore

In a class system like Hindustan, resentments were great. Ethnic played a great role, and there was no unity amongst the various Hindu Rajas. There is an interesting fact narrated in the Chach-nama about Jats and Gujjars. These people were literally slaves and held in utter contempt by the rulers. The historian Peter Jackson himself quotes this:

“It (Chach-nama) alleges that Muhammed Bin Qasim, the conqueror of Sind, learned of the disabilities imposed on a local people , the Jats, in the era of the deposed Brahman dynasty. One was that the Jats were to take dogs with them whenever they went out of doors, in order that they might be recognized.”

Studies behind espoinage

When there was so much disparity, how could the society function? One of the reason for the success of the Muslim conquests was that many classes of people were not considered fit to fight a war with enemies. And these were the people who befriended Muslims and how the Rajas lost their hold due to their own ruthlessness with their own people.

The formation of Diwan-Barid was inevitable. To execute the functions of the State, a very effective intelligence gathering system was evolved and named as Diwan-Barid. The exclusive group composed of many rungs of life, including Rajas themselves, had the responsibility of gathering information and providing to the Sultan well in time.  We see today that espionage activities in modern times are considered really essential for the survival of a country. More was at stake at that time, and Lahore famous for people of culture, also had its share of the Secret agents of those times., History goes on repeating it self and man goes on making the same mistakes. This is all well elucidated by Taj-ud-din Hassan Nizami in the times of the Sultan himself.

Secret planning

Rudyard Kipling in his story of Kim of Lahore narrates the actual presence of secret agents in the Serai of Muhammed Sultan in Lahore. The adventures of Kim tells us of the risks involved in this venture, and involved Afghan merchants traveling through the city. A personal confession of an American secret agent tells us that he was once a student at the American School in Lahore. Amazing! There are naturally two kinds  of agents. One working for good of the country and one working with utter malice. We need to recognize that in our analysis of secret services. Today ISI is the successor of Diwan-Barid of a 1000 years ago. And no doubt what Qutub-ud-din did then, today the same is being done again. Saving the identity and integrity of Pakistan. The same passion generated by Allah-0-Akbar!

INTELLECTUALIZING MIR JAFFERS IN PRESENT FOLK LORE – HEROES NOBODIES AND NOBODIES HEROES GAME PLAN

INTELLECTUALIZING MIR JAFFERS IN PRESENT FOLK LORE
HEROES NOBODIES AND NOBODIES HEROES GAME PLAN
Mir Jaffer and brother

Fairy tales are becoming tales of nightmares. One cannot imagine that in the days of Christmas, happy visions of figures like Santa Claus have been replaced by images of Krampus, the incarnated devil. This is work of so called intellectual people or more specifically Evil geniuses. Fight between Good and  Evil is taking an ugly turn. So called intellectual people talking about fairy tales no more but tales of horror. The ascent of humankind being downgraded as descent into oblivion. We are told that a segment of the world population consider Satan as their hero and waiting for him to ruin the positive nature of human life. How can  intellectual people downgrade themselves into immorality?

Mir Jaffer homage to British

The same condition is apparent in Pakistan. Our national heroes are not remembered at all. Even persons like Quaid e Azam and Dr Allama Iqbal are subject to puerile criticism. Moronic wimps with little understanding of life. Undoing the messages of various Prophets as well as the Rahmat ul Almeen Prophet (PBUH) of Islam. A few media favourites whose names are taken all the time are on record as bearing animosity against Pakistan. Media turning these enemies who hate the Pakistani Ideology as our saviours. Defenders of Sohni darti allergic to Pak Sarzameen Shad Bad with its Islamic contents. Their mission blurring of boundaries and elimination of Ideology. Heavily supported by extremists across the border. Evil geniuses or merely evil personified, those are the icons of another world not Pakistan. Supported by heavy financial influx of resources.

Krampus the Christmas Devil
Krampus

M.A. Rahman Chughtai the proud son of Pakistan is a symbol of patriotism to an idea. The Idea of Pakistan is the first step towards world peace and engendering an Islamic code of life. The Iqballian dream to become a reality of life. We should make a list of our true heros and expose those allergic to our country. Pakistan Forever!

Reprimand
The-Mosque

FOREIGN LOBBIES WITH DOOMSDAY NARRATION, DESTROYING OPTIMISM OF OUR YOUTH NEEDLESSLY

FOREIGN LOBBIES WITH DOOMSDAY NARRATION,
DESTROYING OPTIMISM OF OUR YOUTH NEEDLESSLY
Good things are coming

Every day the newspaper carry bad things,. The television is like wise. Videos on the net are doing same things. Brainwashing our children with messages of hopelessness. Literal  bullshit about aliens, space ships, signs of end of times and every kind of crap possible to take energy and hope of  nation away. A few days back there was a crap about an earthquake which will destroy Lahore into two portions. Some mysterious star is rising and it does not bode swell. Shitty forecasters painting doom 24/7. Just for taking bribes for licentious living and alcoholic consumption.

The message of Allah is that following the principles laid down by divine reality, will eliminate fear from the hearts of people. The cycle of life is continuous. The Compassion of Allah infinite. Rise Pakistan rise! The lobbies fear you. They know if you resurrected from your hibernating sleep, they are in deep trouble. The quagmire of hopelessness be thrown away. A beautiful tomorrow awaits you. It will not come on its own. You will have to fight for it. Quran brought this hope to us. We will not let Satan steal it from us.
Rainbows are Divine messages

SPREADING LOVE, PEACE AND INFORMATION – MALICE AND ATTACKS SO VISIBLE TO ALL OF US – PAKISTAN AS WELL AS  CHUGHTAI MUSEUM UNDER ATTACK

SPREADING LOVE, PEACE AND INFORMATION
MALICE AND ATTACKS SO VISIBLE TO ALL OF US
PAKISTAN AS WELL AS  CHUGHTAI MUSEUM UNDER ATTACK
Sharp-Sword

Does Satan thinks that Pakistan is a country of Buffoons? Puerile behaviour from an aggressive world is the silliest thing in the world. When we put our presence on the internet, it was a new world. We were not familiar with same. People kept on telling me, internet presence is very important in the modern world. They forgot to tell me it is also the BULLSHIT of the world. So called educated societies and civilized nations bent upon crushing every thing positive about Pakistan. Gutless wimps acting as warriors on the internet in media wars.

Will-and-the-Way

Take the Pakistani Army. Once Stephen Cohen used to say that they will never allow the Pakistani Army to become an Islamic Army. And yet never realized, it was always one. The highs and lows of course belong to every nation. But the best times of Pakistan were always under Army rule. Security and stability but even most important, Pakistan Army became saviours of Pakistani Ideology. When the degenerative system of democracy brought in morons as politicians, most of whom had really  deprivated childhoods and greed rocked their soulless bodies. Pakistan Army zindabad!

Sultan-Muhammed-The-Fataeh

Chughtai Museum established its credentials for exposing the malignancy of the puerile world. A few days back on our website and blog we found the term ACCOUNT SUSPENDED. Amazed at what had happened, our computer geniuses went into play. A dangerous technical attack had happened on us and both our things went down. Presence on the internet was no more. We obviously understood the sources of same. What was our reaction? I WAS SO PROUD OF MYSELF AND I WAS SO PROUD OF MY NATION.  We were making a DIFFERENCE. And the difference the morons could not tolerate and thought they would bring us down. They actually put a new life in our endeavour. I was telling everyone. Look we are that important that they can think of blowing us up. We are proud Pakistanis proud of our nation and proud of our Pakistani Army. And now we are even more proud of ourselves.

Will-and-Power

M.A. Rahman Chughtai is an icon of Pakistan. He was not merely an artist but a proud Iqballian in his spirit. He had spent nearly 20 years in the presence of Dr Allama Iqbal. Pakistani Ideology was in his blood and soul. He was averse to the Mullah as much as Dr Allama Iqbal himself. Their mission was to bring Islam with Ijjtehad in tune to the requirements of the time. The permanent values never change. But Islam keep itself abreast with the changing environment by finding solutions through a democratic process. The choice of Quaid e Azam in people like Muhammed Asad, and G.A. Pervez is obvious. Muhammed Asad’s brilliant article on constitution in Pakistan is most relevant today. Dr Abdul Wadud’s book on Quranocracy eye opener for our times.

Pakistan is not a country of buffoons. We do not worship Satan, we throw stones at him in Hajj but otherwise we fire missiles at Satanic forces. Pakistan is here to stay, and Pakistani Army will guarantee it for us.
Allah-Hafiz

SEGMENTS OF LAHORE ABOUT YEAR 1880 – YES SIMPLICITY PERSONIFIED ALL AROUND

SEGMENTS OF LAHORE ABOUT YEAR 1880
YES SIMPLICITY PERSONIFIED ALL AROUND
Very few casual scenes of Lahore are found. Not many photographers came to Lahore and not many sought subjects other than Nawabs and rich people. The man on the street was not a subject with people. Although some bazaar scenes are there as post cards and photos. Just a bunch of photos.
These are the kind of scenes one came across as one entered Lahore from any gate in Lahore, but the more particular gates were the Lahori (Lawari) Darwaza, Mochi (Morchi) Darwaza. and Delhi Darwaza. Even today some of the shops are remnants of the  past. Enjoy!
Milk sellers 1880 Lahore
Water seller 1880 Lahore
Tailoring shop Lahore 1880
Sweet meat sellers Lahore 1880
A Bazaar scene Lahore 1900
Butchers of Lahore
Baba Miran Baksh with students
School scene Lahore

THE HOAX OF MANDIR OF LOH NEVER INVESTIGATED SCIENTIFICALLY, SO MANY THINGS ARE CLEAR EVEN WITH SIMPLE PHYSICAL ANALYSIS

THE HOAX OF MANDIR OF LOH NEVER INVESTIGATED SCIENTIFICALLY,
SO MANY THINGS ARE CLEAR EVEN WITH SIMPLE PHYSICAL ANALYSIS
Loh Mandir hoax

It is very romantic to speak of the twin cities of Lahore and Kasur and link them to perhaps two brothers Loh (actually Lava) and Kasu (actually Kusa), son of the legendary god Ram Chandar of Hindu religion. Certainly Loh is remembered as the son of Ram Chandar, but little is known of a brother Kasu. This Lahore idea was first floated by a Hindu writer Munshi Sujan Rai  perhaps in 1691 AD (the amazing fact is that no old manuscript is known, and when it covers 40 years of Aurangzebs reign, all manuscripts have date of death of Aurangzeb too (years later), and the earliest manuscript is dated 1168 AH or 1754 AD and even that has some missing and replaced pages, and even more amazing of the five manuscripts known, not one has his name in it) in Khulasatul Tawareekh, as compared to simple statement of Lahori writer Ahmad Zanjani in Tuhfa Sawaleen in 1043 AD (648 years previous) which ridicules this conjecture. But nowhere was mentioned that his Mandir exist in the Lahore Fort. No mention of same even with Kanhaiya Lal in 1884, and up to the best of my knowledge it was Judge Muhammed Latif in 1892 AD, who narrated the existence of Mandir, and speaks of it being in a deep hollow which is descended  by wooden stairs. Or rather ladder if you call it. Not very clear really. Made to mention but no image in his book.

Loh Mandir back nothing
Lahore Fort Loh Mandir back
Surroundings

A startling narration is done by Munshi Muhammed Din  Fauq in his book Aed i Mughlia Lahore published in 1927. He says that the Hindu lobby represented by Sanatan Dharm Yudal Saba communicated (for some period) with the British authorities in Lahore and as a result of their pressure the Superintendent Archaeology accompanied them to a supposed site of the Mandir. The Sanatan Dharm members were present when they visited the site on 11th December, 1923. Nothing was visible. Digging was proposed. It was found that under two feet of a debris a gumband could be seen and the area was ordered to be cleared and the surface floor reached, which was on level with the ground of Hazuri Bagh. But the startling find on 13th December, was different in all ways. Remains of a GIANT of a person were discovered in it. It was a person much larger than the present generation. Fingers of the hands were discovered which were so large as to be unbelievable. Very sharp teeth were discovered there too. It was the grave of a giant. Sanatan Dharm people were of the view that the bones were of Loh, son of Ram. The Archaeology department could only say that these were Pre-Bhuddist era bones. But what about the architecture of the structure itself.

Loh Mandir before restoration

It was certainly not a prehistoric structure and  nor one could call it a Neanderthal grave. It was a combination of Sikh and British architecture for the  various bricks used were of Sikh and British period. The Dome was naturally a poor fluted melon dome of the late Sikh  period.It was so small in structure with a circular window on opposite end that it actually looked merely like a small well.  The depth of the inside was not comprehended, and the inside floor was closed too. No one  could enter it nor lit anything over it. No lingam there. It had no match with any Mandir in the world. But it was asserted as Mandir of Loh, thousands of years old. The structure was not even 150 years of age. Everybody wanted to jump to their own conclusions. The pressure of international lobby of Sanatan Dharm, founded by Bhadashi Maraj in Trinidad and Tobago in 1881, was very evidently there. The Hindu lobby was asserting itself.

Nauguzza-Lahori
Iconic image of giant Lahore
Oldest view of Nauguzza grave

A little nearby on the same line is the famous MAZAR OF NAU GUZZA LAHORE. It is certainly that the British after the war of independence of 1857, restructured the whole place. The whole area witnessed breaking of walls and making of new walls for security of British troops. A gate of Lahore Fort which came in and housed the commiserate godown closed for ever. In fact the whole wall was broken and made again. Excavations point out Mughal structures even below the surface of Loh Mandir. Very recently a wall came out with a continuous mihrab design of red in white background and pointed out past structures as this was a kind of arena. Or perhaps the Bagh of Nau-guzza. Nobody thought of linking this site with the grave of the Nau guzza. There was a bagh here in which this so called mandir (looks more like a water well, gurki water disposal, or a corner minar for a guard) stood on one end and the other other end is the Mazar of Nau guzza (now outside the Fort walls). It can all be related so easily in reality by even any nincompoop. Here we have accomplished persons making guesses and claims outrageous.

Sujan Rai one line reference

Where did the bones go? Perhaps preserved by the Archaeology department. Perhaps taken by Sanatan Dharm people. No one knows. A look at the newspaper of those times may reveal a lot of things. The Mazar of Nau-guzza has changed over the times too. Only a small portion is left by now. It blocked the road leading to Pani da talab. And there was a trough of water for the horses built by the municipal corporation. We have written a complete book on the Nau-guzzas for the first time ever. The details are fantastic. An iconic image recovered from the depths of Lahore all the time point out the giants, and with a familiar head dress on its head, it surely has Arabic and Egyptian background. Jewish and Islamic history recalled here. Genesis points out the expulsion of giants from the holy land, from where they fled to other areas in the East.  But this is a blog only. More research will come eventually!

P.S. Sujan Rai is an irresponsible source for information, and even wants to keep his name hidden. Statement of Zafar Hassan, Deputy Superintendent Archaeology in 1918.
Beneath Loh Mandir Mughal conzstruction

SECRET LOBBIES HAUNT ANYONE WITH LOVE FOR PAKISTAN – SEASONAL INFO GATHERERS SURROUND US ALL THE TIME

SECRET LOBBIES HAUNT ANYONE WITH LOVE FOR PAKISTAN
SEASONAL INFO GATHERERS SURROUND US ALL THE TIME

Two hearts

At what time do you feel disgusted? You have a legacy of Love for Pakistan, an endless belief in the Ideology of Pakistan, you do not spare the archaic Mullah nor the bigoted Secular, you thrive on the Iqballian dream, you have an impeccable record of love for Pakistan, and you make a bullshit out of those who can even try to shift your views in any way. You are Pakistan personified, and you defend your country in all ways.

Prime Minister Liaquat Ali Khan got invitations from USA and USSR. He neglected USSR and opted for USA. A magnificent man ended up losing his life in a conspiracy. M.A. Rahman Chughtai got an invitation in the early years of Pakistan from USA and USSR. He chose none, but Pakistan. But he was open to all. Friends to all, enemies of none. Keeping his views Intact. And yet there were iconic poets, who could shift their views in the blink of an eye. They were made godfather offers, which they could not refuse. Faces receive mask of real ‘lanats’ when they sell their souls.

Expect talk

Keeping the ‘string’ of the link with Allah intact at all times is the key to survival, and knowing that the Law of Mukufat will eventually work in the end. Info-gatherers work on the belief that there are always skeletons in the cup board and the same can be used to blackmail people. I remember the story of a French Ambassador in USSR who was filmed in a James Bond way, for compliance, and flew straight to General De Gaulle and told him everything, not giving a f**k for those exploiting him. This is disgusting and yes, we feel disgusted too. But so what? We love Pakistan, and Pakistan will triumph in all ways. Wait and see!

THE RAVAGES OF WAR ENGENDER THE REALIZATION FOR PEACE – ISLAMIC ARTS HAVE IDEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND TO STOP CHAOS – SOOTHING THE TIRED NERVES OF HUMANKIND FOR HARMONY

THE RAVAGES OF WAR ENGENDER THE REALIZATION FOR PEACE
ISLAMIC ARTS HAVE IDEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND TO STOP CHAOS
SOOTHING THE TIRED NERVES OF HUMANKIND FOR HARMONY

Blessings

The principles of Allah made life in extremes. Absolute good as well as absolute evil. The granting of freedom of choice for humankind was to conquer evil and generate goodness all over the world. Obviously the task was never easy but Allah promised to test each individual according to his capacity. No more, no less. One of the instruments to conquer negative thoughts was culture itself. The belief that man is harassed in life and when man comes near culture, it should soothe his over tired body and soul and makes him a finer person.

Pink-Pigeons

Islamic culture is composed of facets to minimize chaotic feelings in human beings. Our Quran Hakeem starts with the gateway of “Al-hamd-o-lilah”, and it is an appreciation of the proportionate life that Allah has created, and it goes on to say that we are expected to follow that path, which leads us to “Siraat-ul-mustaqeem”. The proportionate perfect life of existence. It is aesthetics which helps us to balance things in life. Everything in Islamic culture takes us towards peace, and Islam means peace itself.

The-Still-Life

Take music for instance. Sometimes back the frequency of music was changed, and it was music to excite us with foolish sounds meaning nothing. The noble sentiments of songs were replaced by banter, chaotic noises, and sexual innuendoes. Intermixed with pelvic thrusts, the whole meaning of music was lost, as well as the sentiments of love and compassion. Even today, old songs, where ever the same may be from, are so soothing to listen in appreciation. The same carry no subliminal messages or threats. Glorification of human feelings.

The-Fragrance

Islamic Art and Architecture have same role to play in our life. It has tranquilizing effect on us. The Art of M.A. Rahman Chughtai is about peace too. It is there to calm and soothe us, and make us better human beings. There is no gimmicks here of any kind, just pure line and poignant colour to refresh us. Chughtai art is synonymous with peace. It is tranquility personified in all ways. Visitors access Chughtai art and feel so much at peace. It engenders the finest in us. These narratives of every day a doomsday and hopelessness are satanic in nature. Live your life. Lahori says we are a city of zinda dalans.

Cottage

All about Art & Pakistan!