A SHORT REVIEW OF CLAUS-PETER HAASE ANALYSIS OF THE MUGHAL WORK
REPENTANCE OF MARY MAGDALENE AS NADIRA BANOS, AND THAT NOT SO
We all make mistakes. But we also need to correct them if told as thus. Without any prejudice to anyone, we came across a reference about Nadira Bano, and the mistake is so obvious, that we needed to correct it as a record for the future.
Dara Shikoh was son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan, in no way was his brother and it is not even remotely possible to say something like that. Normal mistake no issue at all. But things go further. The sadness in the picture and it is attributed to Nadira Bano. Obviously the Nadira Claus-Peter Haase is talking about is the Nadira Begum wife of Dara Shikoh. There was no sad history of this Nadira Begum till the very last, when war erupted between two brothers, Dara Shikoh and Aurangzeb Alamgeer. Obviously her last days were ruined as she was on the run with her husband, died of food poisoning and her body brought back to Lahore from Sind. She lies buried in Lahore and we all love her. But she died before Dara Shikoh. Distress but no sad story at that time.
Claus-Peter Haase refers to an article by Milo C. Beach where another Mughal painting in Gulshan Album in Teheran is referred as that of Nadira Bano. Of course that is so. But the signature itself reveals the truth as it says that Nadira Bano daughter of Mir Taqi student of Aga Reza. See! Nadira Begum wife of Dara Shikoh, was daughter of Prince Pervaiz Mirza and Sahib Jamal. An actual cousin of Dara Shikoh. So putting two and two together not always work. Sometimes it leads to easy blunders and we need to correct them.
Claus-Peter Haase is an honourable person and I wrote this to him. No reply was received, so I am posting it as an act of reference. No prejudice to the scholar.
The greatest name in Islamic painting boils down to Kamal-ud-din Behzad, and everyone seems to have heard about him. Behzad must have produced abundance of paintings but very few survive to this day. Behzad also left many talented students. One such exceptional painter was Mulla Dost or Ustad Dost Muhammed Mussawar. Dost Muhammed worked for the Safavid court but later sought new patrons. In this respect he came to Kabul and from there proceeded to Delhi in search of Prince Humayoun. In this respect he landed at Lahore and met Prince Kamran who was in control of this city. A school of book production and painting was already active here and we see the same working in Kamran’s Baradari, which still exist to this day.
A manuscript created at that time, written by Abdullah Sherazi is in some private hands. It shows what was happening here. Even in midst of chaos, emphasis on art was not forsaken. Realizing the tussle between the two brothers, Dost Muhammed went back to Kabul and served Humayoun there for many years as is proven by his seal which says the same. But his presence in Lahore was there.
There was a manuscript of Behzadian School with antique dealer Bahadur Shah of Mochi Gate Lahore. And it was big news at that time. It finally fell into the hands of Jalaluddin Publishers of Kashmeeri Gate, Lahore. There were five miniatures in it and M.A. Rahman Chughtai had seen it. Its final destination or present location is no known but it was attributed to Dost Muhammed Mussawar and probably done in Lahore. History is full of riddles that cannot be solved easily.
A farman of Mirza Kamran explains the situation well. It says:
Scholars have expressed their opinion on this like that:
“But very soon, Humayun found himself engaged in military campaigns culminating in his loss of Hindustan in 1539-40. On his way to Humayun’s court, Dust Muhammad would doubtlessly have alighted in Lahore, where Kamran was based at the time (a fact, again, apparently overlooked by previous scholars). Once there, the master was probably advised not to proceed further and consequently joined the prince’s retinue. Humayun also eventually betook himself to Lahore, but Kamran did not hand over the city to him nor allow him to proceed in state to Kabul, forcing him to seek asylum with Tahmasp. Although partly conjectural, this scenario would account for Dust Muhammad’s departure and his choice of Kamran as a patron better than a purported flight to Kabul (where Kamran, incidentally, only moved his headquarters after Humayun’s flight from Hindustan in 1540.”
Mirza Kamran in Lahore at that time. Dost Muhammed calls here. Sees the squabble going in between the two brothers and decides not to prolong his stay here and proceed back to Kabul. A seal testifies that Dost Muhammed got into the service of Prince Humayoun. Art flourished even in the worst of times.
The primitive human beings did not have the guidance of Allah and were not able to develop a code of morality and ethics. But even they realized that fighting was not the key to success. A slow movement of social integration started with the development of a family system. The family had important ingredients of three generations. Grand parents, parents and children. And all three generations had the ability to contribute in making their structure strong within and strong without. Together they could survive and separate they would succumb to others. The Aesop’s fable of the ten sticks handed over to his ten sons by the dying man is an ever lasting example of unity. Bound together the sticks were not breakable, but separated they were easy to break.
The demonic desire to break the family is a ruse of lobbies to undo our country. The confusion and mess of homo sexuality, the gender battle of dominance instead of equality, the innuendoes of incest, can be fought by holding strong to the rope of Allah’s commands. Here we show eleven beautiful images of family life as portrayed by M.A. Rahman Chughtai, National Painter of Pakistan. Enjoy and be proud of Pakistan. A family is forever!
AN ARISTOCRATIC DISDAIN FOR THE PLEASURES OF COMMON MAN
THE ANIMOSITY TOWARDS BASANT IS ACTUALLY CLEARLY RAW DEAL
All praise for our Minister of Culture who looked into the matter of Basant which engulfed Lahore and their disdain for those who sabotaged their one easy way of pleasure. People flew kites, they were not involved in theories. Their happiness knew no bound, and a Lahori festival became internationalized. It told the world that Muslims were not glum all the time but knew the value of happiness. A festival which was bringing a message to the world of our PEACE was sabotaged, by RAW and there is no doubt about it.
So many newspapers have journalists who are on foreign payrolls. They would write against their own mother if you paid them to do so. And Pakistan is their mother. Anything which gives relief to masses is resented by foreign lobbies. Immediately you see news of children being killed by stray twine. No one researches if it even actually happened or not, or that they are just repeating old news all the time. Paying people on the streets to give verdicts which they can relay is the work of many moronic people, getting fat on finances provided by foreign lobbies. I think it is time that our intelligence lobbies investigate who is doing what to defame us.
I am a kite flyer. My father was a kite flyer. My grandfather was a kite flyer as well as his father. Further back we do not know. Read my three previous blogs on Basant and find out things you never knew. Simple kites and simple MANJAS in round spheres of perfection called PINAS. String with eggs of eagles to smooth same so that no damage was done to hands. And then where did these new kind of strings came from? Of course India. Ask anybody and they will tell you about Indian string and this dangerous chemical string concept which has no basis in kite flying in Lahore. Introduced for deadly reasons to sabotage kite flying in Lahore. Even some of the mishaps were staged according to local reports. The journalists are paid not to speak and their silence means money.
CONGRATULATIONS TO OUR MINISTER OF CULTURE! Well done,Sir.
CONSTITUTION OF PAKISTAN AS QUAID-E-AZAM WANTED IT
BASED ON FRENCH CONSTITUTION AND MUHAMMED ASAD
The narratives started in the life time of Quaid-e-Azam and are there to this day, in full fledged attempt to undo the Islamic yearning of our great leader. Begum Shahnawaz reports that Quaid-e-Azam was actually working on a constitution for the country and papers laid by his bed were there. The basis to be modeled was on the French Constitution. Not only was his life cut short, but those papers were stolen by somebody. Probably a foreign lobby who must have them to his day. Certainly the Quaid along with his comrades had rejected Parliamentary Democracy in totality. Not only that he had opened a department of Islamic reconstruction and had put Muhammed Asad on that important job, rejecting all Maulvis as well as all Secular minded narratives. Not only that he had put G.A. Pervez as his special adviser in his cabinet on Islamic affairs.
All this was based on the ideas of Dr Allama Iqbal to go back to pristine Islam and shed all the unnecessary baggage picked up through the centuries. And keep room for ijtehad in Islam. The majority can change rules though a democratic process. Of course this was hated by foreign lobbies who wanted to see Pakistan collapse. The brilliant article on Constitution making we are adding as a download in our blog. Download it and read it. You owe Pakistan that much. If lakhs lost their life, we can put the zest back in Pakistan and make it a socialistic republic forever. Erase the growing gap between the Rich and the Poor. Bring happiness to our country for all. Pakistan the fist step towards a world revolution. Pakistan Forever!
A RELATIVELY UNKNOWN SOURCE OF QURANIC MANUSCRIPTS
THE TREASURE IN THE LIBRARY OF AL-AQSA MOSQUE JERUSALEM
Perhaps the rarest and most elegant collection of Holy Qurans in the world is in the library of Al-Aqsa mosque and in fact are not in good condition and their state of preservation in gradual decline. The Al-Aqsa mosque itself is in acute danger as the Jewish authorities see it as a hurdle in making of the Temple of Hazrat Sulaiman on the same site. So when the sacred mosque is itself in danger, what can one say about its library. The best produced Qurans presented to the sacred place by the most influential Muslims of all times; Kings, Queens, Nobility as well as Holy men. The interesting part is that a voluminous catalogue of same has been published and we will share portions of it in the near future..
The Muslim world must come up with a plan to save the mosque as well as the rarest Quran copies in the world. A legacy of the greatest Caliph of all times, Hazrat Umar would surely ask us, what we did to safe guard his gift to Islam. The hypocrisy of Mullahs and the Secular coming out clearly by their neglect of most important issue of 2019. Then after that they will start destruction here, reflecting their impotence in international fields. One can only wonder how intelligent minds can be misled by fairy tales, and can hold beliefs which even a little intelligence can say are result of utter confusion. In the fight between Good and Evil, evil can never triumph, for it has in itself its own seeds of destruction by Divine Will. Have sympathy on human kind, for in any egalitarian society, every one matters. Every one is important to Allah!
Description of published book Of the many ways in which Muslims through the ages have sought to express their faith, none is more impressive than that of Qur’anic calligraphy and illumination. The legacy of this elaborate art forms a comprehensive yet cohesive whole which has both assimilated and adapted to the cultural differences that exist over the vast distances separating the regions of the Islamic world. In this beautifully illustrated book Khader Salameh shows how the art has developed over time as he studies a selection of Qur’an manuscripts held in the al-Haram al-Sharif Islamic Museum in the al-Aqsa Mosque, Jerusalem. These preserved copies of the Qur’an have been donated to the Mosque during various successive Islamic periods by individual Muslims, rulers, sultans, princes, ulama and others. They differ in size, calligraphy and ornamentation – such as gold inlaying – according to the technical and material resources available. The entries are arranged chronologically and identified by the name of the donor, if known , and by a museum registration number. Salameh gives a detailed account of each manuscript, including its date, dimensions, binding, illuminated opening pages and body text. He summarizes the contents of any citations, endowment texts or colophons and identifies any Qur’anic verses that feature in the illuminated panels. The book is richly illustrated with colour photographs showing every decorative element worthy of study. As well as a detailed study of the selected manuscripts, the book presents a general overview of the Museum’s holdings and provides a textual history of the Qur’an. It describes the four types of script used in Qur’an manuscripts, and also the different types of binding and illumination. Many rare pieces of the Qurans are included in the collection: the calligraphic kufic copy of the Qur’an dating back to the third/fourth century is the earliest example of this type of calligraphy and ornamentation; and the thirty-part Maghribi Rab’ah, bequeathed by Sultan Abu al-Hasan al-Marini of Morocco in AH 750, is the only manuscript remaining from the three collections that he dispatched to the mosques of the three most holy cities of Islam (Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem). In bringing these fascinating manuscripts to the attention of the world, Khader Salameh hopes to generate concern for their preservation before the passage of time takes its toll upon them. In conjunction with UNESCO, the director of the Islamic Museum and director of the al-Aqsa Mosque library Khader Salameh has written this book with the aim of drawing international attention to these fascinating manuscripts, in the hope that this will lead to concern for their preservation before the passage of time destroys them completely. He is also the author of several indexes of other Jerusalem manuscripts.
A FISH SHAPED AESTHETIC BEAUTY OF AN ATISH-HUQA (BOMB)
Many things are associated with Lahore, and it is normally forgotten that Lahore has seen war on many fronts. Battles have been waged in Lahore and won as well as lost. There were times when Lahore was in ruins and there were times when it was a city of splendour. The normal information about the Sultanate period is lacking. But now and then fresh information comes to light. Atish hukas are a study in themselves.
We know that battles were waged with bows and arrows, swords, maces, spears and what not? But to open doors of a fort or to tackle enemies outside the fort, hand grenades were used. These were made of heavy black clay (thick walls) and small fish like monograms as well as stars were on the normal ones. Other symbols are on them which have no meaning for us. Plenty are still found in the depths of Lahore. Some intact, some bursted with use. Gun powder was used to fill these up and an oiled cloth wick (chord) to ignite them. Held in hand the wick was lighted, with proper timing, and then thrown with hands down the walls of the Fort or the gates of the Fort itself. Some blasted, some remained unblasted. Metal containers (as well as heavy earthen ware) of gun powder were also there and some have been recovered in the past.
However this singular fish shaped Atish-huqa is something all its own. It is a splendour of design and use. It easily fits in the hand and the embossed portions are such that it does not slip the hand in the act of throwing it at the enemy. Just looking at it gives you the thrills of the artists who ventured to design such a thing.
For many foreign scholars, the discovery of these things, found in Ghazni as well as other areas of Afghanistan spelled Perfume bottles to those who knew not their use. It was our own great scholar, who showed us the lime light of Atish-hukas and their use in life.
Dr Syed Zafar Haider:
Huqqah in Arabic means a box and Atish is Persian for fire. A box of fire with a chord in it. Page 258 Islamic Arms and Armour. Bahadur Publishers, 1991.
LEADERS OF IRAN TURKEY PAKISTAN FEBRUARY 1960 IN LAHORE
SHAHENSHAH OF IRAN, CELAL BAYER AND PRESIDENT AYUB KHAN
Dissatisfaction with CENTO made leaders of Iran, Turkey and Pakistan get together in Karachi and Lahore. Sharing some rare pictures and we can see some rare pictures of some leaders here. Strange that shortly afterwards Governor Akhtar Hussain was let out as well as Celal Bayer in Turkey, who was overthrown by the Military there. Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as well as Mrs Bhutto can be seen. B.A. Qureshi is there too as Chief Secretary West Pakistan. Queen Farah Diba is visible too.
RCD was formed in 1964 but the concept was sabotaged later. It was an outstanding idea but did not suit some lobbies at all. In fact President Ayub Khan ids responsible for abundant of good in Pakistan.
GHAZNAVID SECRET SERVICE DIWAN-BARID OF LAHORE
REPORT OF HISTORIAN TAJ-UD-DIN HASSAN NIZAMI
In the spurt of the Ghaznavid conquests in this region, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi realized the importance of an agency trying to collect information for consolidation of his rule. A secret network was formed and the informers to the Sultan included many Hindu Rajas. Hindus spying on Hindus as well as spying on the representatives of the Sultan, so that the Sultan may receive adequate information for all actions. This was the first Muslim Secret Service of the region. We do not have adequate knowledge of the network but many of the Sultan’s conquests were a result of timely information of gathering events.
When Sultan Muhammed Ghauri was assassinated by the Ismaeli assassins on the bank of the river, near the village of Damyak, on 15th March 1206 AD, it was a failure of intelligence. The Fidai Mulahidah were ruthless in their work and had made everyone realize the importance of espionage. They had chosen to secretly swim in the river and attack the Sultan while he was asleep in his tent. A number of other prominent leaders through out the Indian region were caught and murdered in cold blood. The new Sultan Qutb-ud-din Aibeg knew all this well. A very methodical secret service was set by him in Lahore, as he ruled most of his life from Lahore itself. Even when in Delhi, he would come to Lahore for weekends. Although famous that he died naturally when playing polo in Lahore, Taj-ud-din Hassan Nizami paints a different picture. It was known before hand that he was to be assassinated and the saddle maker in the mohalla cursed him on way, and predicted his end that day. It is reputed that a bur was placed under the saddle of his horse so that the horse would panic and throw him down. Lack of intelligence resulted in his death.
In a class system like Hindustan, resentments were great. Ethnic played a great role, and there was no unity amongst the various Hindu Rajas. There is an interesting fact narrated in the Chach-nama about Jats and Gujjars. These people were literally slaves and held in utter contempt by the rulers. The historian Peter Jackson himself quotes this:
“It (Chach-nama) alleges that Muhammed Bin Qasim, the conqueror of Sind, learned of the disabilities imposed on a local people , the Jats, in the era of the deposed Brahman dynasty. One was that the Jats were to take dogs with them whenever they went out of doors, in order that they might be recognized.”
When there was so much disparity, how could the society function? One of the reason for the success of the Muslim conquests was that many classes of people were not considered fit to fight a war with enemies. And these were the people who befriended Muslims and how the Rajas lost their hold due to their own ruthlessness with their own people.
The formation of Diwan-Barid was inevitable. To execute the functions of the State, a very effective intelligence gathering system was evolved and named as Diwan-Barid. The exclusive group composed of many rungs of life, including Rajas themselves, had the responsibility of gathering information and providing to the Sultan well in time. We see today that espionage activities in modern times are considered really essential for the survival of a country. More was at stake at that time, and Lahore famous for people of culture, also had its share of the Secret agents of those times., History goes on repeating it self and man goes on making the same mistakes. This is all well elucidated by Taj-ud-din Hassan Nizami in the times of the Sultan himself.
Rudyard Kipling in his story of Kim of Lahore narrates the actual presence of secret agents in the Serai of Muhammed Sultan in Lahore. The adventures of Kim tells us of the risks involved in this venture, and involved Afghan merchants traveling through the city. A personal confession of an American secret agent tells us that he was once a student at the American School in Lahore. Amazing! There are naturally two kinds of agents. One working for good of the country and one working with utter malice. We need to recognize that in our analysis of secret services. Today ISI is the successor of Diwan-Barid of a 1000 years ago. And no doubt what Qutub-ud-din did then, today the same is being done again. Saving the identity and integrity of Pakistan. The same passion generated by Allah-0-Akbar!
INTELLECTUALIZING MIR JAFFERS IN PRESENT FOLK LORE
HEROES NOBODIES AND NOBODIES HEROES GAME PLAN
Fairy tales are becoming tales of nightmares. One cannot imagine that in the days of Christmas, happy visions of figures like Santa Claus have been replaced by images of Krampus, the incarnated devil. This is work of so called intellectual people or more specifically Evil geniuses. Fight between Good and Evil is taking an ugly turn. So called intellectual people talking about fairy tales no more but tales of horror. The ascent of humankind being downgraded as descent into oblivion. We are told that a segment of the world population consider Satan as their hero and waiting for him to ruin the positive nature of human life. How can intellectual people downgrade themselves into immorality?
The same condition is apparent in Pakistan. Our national heroes are not remembered at all. Even persons like Quaid e Azam and Dr Allama Iqbal are subject to puerile criticism. Moronic wimps with little understanding of life. Undoing the messages of various Prophets as well as the Rahmat ul Almeen Prophet (PBUH) of Islam. A few media favourites whose names are taken all the time are on record as bearing animosity against Pakistan. Media turning these enemies who hate the Pakistani Ideology as our saviours. Defenders of Sohni darti allergic to Pak Sarzameen Shad Bad with its Islamic contents. Their mission blurring of boundaries and elimination of Ideology. Heavily supported by extremists across the border. Evil geniuses or merely evil personified, those are the icons of another world not Pakistan. Supported by heavy financial influx of resources.
M.A. Rahman Chughtai the proud son of Pakistan is a symbol of patriotism to an idea. The Idea of Pakistan is the first step towards world peace and engendering an Islamic code of life. The Iqballian dream to become a reality of life. We should make a list of our true heros and expose those allergic to our country. Pakistan Forever!