THE RANSACKING OF OLD FORT WILLIAMS BY SIRAJ UD DAULA
THE BLACK HOLE OF CALCUTTA AND DEATH OF 133 BRITISHERS
The armies of Nawab Siraj ud Daula and the British were engaged in war and supremacy in India. In the conflict the army of Nawab annihilated Old Fort Williams in 1753. 146 British army officials and citizens sought refuge in an underground shelter and the old fort had fallen on it. The room was a small on and served by only two small windows. Most of the besieged persons died in the night. When the fort was demolished completely, the site of the prison basement was lost.
Many people wanted to recover that site and lay out its plan.Lord Curzon thought it necessary to isolate the location and built a memorial on it, fenced by an iron railing. On it an inscription was written in black marble. It said:
The marble pavement below this spot,
Was placed here
Lord Curzon, Viceroy and Governor General of India
To mark the site of the prison in Old Fort Williams
Known as the Black Hole
In which 146 British inhabitants of Calcutta
Were confined on the night of the 30th June, 1756
And from which only 13 came out alive.
When Bengal was lost first, and last was Punjab. The British failed in Afghanistan even then. The rest is history. The concept of MIR JAFFERS started at that time. Today we can even have other names for them, and eventually we will start using fresh names for people who are traitors to their country and nation.